Obsessive compulsive disorder and post traumatic stress disorder are the topics today
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that is quite overlooked, it is typically what you will automatically think of when you hear the word “crazy”. It greatly affects the way you understand and interact with the world around you, schizophrenics experience episodes which will start with them feeling strange. They may start to experience problems concentrating, thinking or communicating clearly or taking part in their typical activities. At the height of the episode, they may experience breaks in reality known as psychosis. This may include hallucinations or delusions, some people feel flat or numb afterwards. They try to withdraw from others and have a difficult time concentrating. Some people may only have one or two episodes in their entire lives while others experience many episodes. Some may experience wellness between episodes and have early warning signs but some may have no rest between episodes and have sudden psychotic episodes with no warning whatsoever. Medication can be used as a treatment for schizophrenia, “antipsychotics” may help reduce the frequency or hallucinations or delusions, it may stop these symptoms altogether in some people.
If you or someone you know are on antipsychotics you need to find the right fit, like me with my antidepressants, its also suggested to keep using them even if you haven’t had an episode in quite some time as you may relapse. Counselling is also a very good option as it may greatly affect your work life, relationships and independent life. Relapse prevention can also be assisted by a psychologist or social worker, you may be able to find a trigger for your episodes and prevent them altogether.
Schizotypal personality disorder is one of the four variants of schizophrenia, it is characterized by discomfort in any social situation that only gets worse as interactions progress, other signs are eccentric beliefs and behaviors. Individuals with this disorder, often have strange ideas of reference. People with this disorder often feel unusually superstition or preoccupied with paranormal phenomena. A lot of symptoms of SPD are just minor variants of schizophrenia.
Schizoid personality disorder is the second variant and it is an extremely antisocial disorder, it is a much more imposing variant of schizotypal personality disorder. Every antisocial behavior demonstrated in schizotypal is amplified in schizoid, individuals with this disorder typically can not take any pleasure of any kind of social interaction.
Schizoaffective personality disorder is characterized by abnormal thought processes and deregulated emotions, it is a mix of symptoms from both a mood disorder and schizophrenia but not with enough diagnostic criteria for either. Common symptoms of this disorder include paranoid delusions, disorganized thought and speech and hallucinations. The symptoms from the mood disorder really depend on the mood disorder, if the disorder is bipolar then the individual may experience episodes of mania where if the disorder is depression they will only experience episodes of depression. Current treatment options are usually anti-psychotics with mood stabalizers.
Schizophreniform personality disorder is the last of the four variants of schizophrenia, I’m going to breeze through this quickly as its the most simple to explain. Schizophrenia requires six months straight of showing symptoms before it can be properly diagnosed. Schizophreniform is when an individual shows schizophrenic symptoms for a significant portion of a one month period, but the symptoms don’t last longer than six months.