Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a well-known, yet widely misunderstood psychological condition. This video discusses the four main symptom clusters of PTSD and describes the various symptoms that people with PTSD can experience. I also explain why PTSD can present so differently in different people. The four symptom clusters of PTSD are:
a) Re-experiencing symptoms (e.g., intrusive thoughts, nightmares, flashbacks, distress and panic when reminded of the traumatic event)
b) Avoidance symptoms (e.g., avoidance of thoughts and feelings associated with the traumatic event, avoidance of people, places and situations that are related to the event)
c) Negative alterations in thoughts and mood (e.g., inability to remember important aspects of the traumatic events, negative beliefs stemming from the traumatic event, self-blame, persistent negative emotional states, detachment and estrangement from others, loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, emotional numbing)
d) Hyperarousal symptoms (e.g., irritability/anger, recklessness and self-destructive behavior, hyperawareness to the environments, exaggerated startle response, sleep problems, impaired concentration)
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