Hi all! Today I looked at whether the age you experience childhood trauma affects the development of subsequent mental health problems. This look at the pros/cons of different models backed up by psychology & neuroscience. Hope you enjoy!
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Music Creds: Jayan Patel
0:50 Video intro
01:37 Why is timing important?
02:30 Adverse Childhood Experience model
03:39 ACE pros & cons
04:43 Windows of vulnerability
06:26 Timing importance (using models) summary
06:57 Future directions
Felitti et al. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. American journal of preventive medicine, 14(4), 245-258.
van Rooij et al. (2018) “The role of the hippocampus in predicting future posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in recently traumatized civilians.” Biological psychiatry 84.2.
Chapman et al. “Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of depressive disorders in adulthood.” Journal of affective disorders 82.2 (2004): 217-225.
Khan et al. Childhood maltreatment, depression, and suicidal ideation: critical importance of parental and peer emotional abuse during developmental sensitive periods in males and females Frontiers in psychiatry 6 (2015): 42.
Andersen & Teicher. “Stress, sensitive periods and maturational events in adolescent depression.” Trends in neurosciences 31.4 (2008): 183-191.
Teicher, M. H., & Parigger, A. (2015). The ‘Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure’(MACE) scale for the retrospective assessment of abuse and neglect during development. PLoS one, 10(2), e0117423.
Stevens et al. “Episodic memory after trauma exposure: Medial temporal lobe function is positively related to re-experiencing and inversely related to negative affect symptoms.” NeuroImage: Clinical 17 (2018): 650-658.
Andersen, S.L. and Teicher, M.H. (2004) Delayed effects of early stress on hippocampal development. Neuropsychopharmacology 29, 1988– 1993
Spinhoven et al. Comorbidity of PTSD in anxiety and depressive disorders: Prevalence and shared risk factors. Child abuse & neglect 38.8 (2014): 1320-1330.
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Schalinski et al. Environmental adversities and psychotic symptoms: The impact of timing of trauma, abuse, and neglect. Schizophrenia research 205 (2019): 4-9.