rumination | combatting repetitive thoughts [cc]

A solution-based reflection on a widely reported symptom resulting from abuse and trauma: rumination — feeling immersed in persistent inescapable thoughts.
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0:35 defining rumination
2:13 real-life examples
4:58 rumination as a false coping strategy
7:00 the gateway to mood disorders
7:44 concrete vs abstract rumination
10:46 giving thoughts too much power
13:52 resisting vs dismissing thoughts
16:31 strategy 1: debunking
18:38 strategy 2: reframing
20:33 strategy 3: expressing
22:47 strategy 4: activity
24:18 strategy 5: mindfulness

opening quote:
Thoughts are like guests in the houses of our minds.We decide which ones we wish to entertainand which ones are not welcome.

references and reading:
Just, N. and Alloy, L. (1997) The response styles theory of depression: tests and an extension of the theory. Journal of abnormal psychology 106 (2) pp.221–229
Michael, T., Halligan, S.L., Clark, D.M. and Ehlers, A. (2007) Rumination in posttraumatic stress disorder. Depression and anxiety 24 pp.307-317
Michi, L.C., McLaughlin, K.A., Shepherd, K. and Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2013) Rumination as a mechanism linking stressful life events to symptoms of depression and anxiety: longitudinal evidence in early adolescents and adults. Journal of abnormal psychology 122 (2) pp.339-352
Powers, J.P. and LaBar, K.S. (2019) Regulating emotion through distancing: a taxonomy, neurocognitive model, and supporting meta-analysis. Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews 96 pp.155-173
Watkins, E.R. and Moulds, M.L. (2005) Distinct modes of ruminative self-focus: impact of abstract versus concrete rumination on problem solving in depression. Emotion 5 (3) pp.319-328
Watkins, E.R. and Roberts, H. (2020) Reflecting on rumination: consequences, causes, mechanisms and treatment of rumination. Behaviour research and therapy 127
Wells, A and Carter, K.E.P. (2001) Further tests of a cognitive model of generalized anxiety disorder: metacognitions and worry in GAD, panic disorder, social phobia, depression, and nonpatients. Behaviour therapy 32 (1) pp.85-105

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