Stress, Health & PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder)



Topic: Stress, Health & PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder)

Stress often strikes without warning. Stress is the process by which we perceive and respond to threatening or challenging events, called stressors. When short-lived, or when perceived as challenges, stressors can have positive effects. Momentary stress can mobilize the immune system for fending off infections and healing wounds. Stress also arouses and motivates us to conquer problems. Extreme or prolonged stress can harm us. Stress can trigger risky decisions and unhealthy behaviors. When facing stress, people may smoke or drink, and can affect health directly. There is an interplay between our head and our health. Behavioral medicine research provides a reminder of one of contemporary psychology’s overriding themes: Mind and body interact; and everything psychological is simultaneously physiological (Myers, 2018).

Stress and Vulnerability to Disease – To study how stress, healthy and unhealthy behaviors influence health and illness, psychologists and physicians created the interdisciplinary field of behavioral medicine, integrating behavioral and medical knowledge.

Stress Disorders – We feel dome degree of stress whenever we are faced with demands or opportunities that require us to change in some manner. The state of stress has two components: 1) a stressor, and 2) a stress response. Increases in stress have be linked to the onset of depression, schizophrenia, sexual dysfunctions, and other psychological problems. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – A disorder in which a person experiences fear and related symptoms long after a traumatic event (death or threatened death, severe injury, or sexual violation) (Comer, 2019).

Health and Coping – Stressors are unavoidable. We need to learn to cope with the stress in our lives, alleviating it with emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods.

Reducing Stress – Having a sense of control, developing more optimistic thinking, and build social support can help us experience less stress and thus improve our health. People who are upbeat about themselves and their future have tended also to enjoy health-promoting social ties (Myers, 2018).
We will also review Evidence-Based Suggestions coping and reducing stress.

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For over 25 years, Professor Knox has conducted research on human behavior and motivation, especially in the areas of positive psychology and personal development as demonstrated in her vast body of professional endeavors. Her awards include: Certificate of Special Congressional Recognition by Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro; Official Citation given by the Office of the State Comptroller in CT; University Presidential Recognition for Teaching Excellence; Professor of the Year 2017; and Small Business Award Recognition.
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