Betrayal Trauma Theory was developed by researcher Dr. Jennifer Freyd Phd at the University of Oregon. Her theory is based on the idea that “betrayal trauma occurs when the people or institutions on which a person depends for survival significantly violate that person’s trust or wellbeing.”
Betrayal trauma comes from:
-health care system
It’s important to talk about betrayal trauma because many survivors of narcissistic abuse have a history and patterns of being betrayed and re-traumatized by people who are supposed to help and support them. This can lead to a lifetime of unhealthy relationships and self-destructive behaviors.
Mandy Friedman, LPCC-S, CCDVC, is a licensed professional clinical counselor and certified clinical domestic violence counselor. Mandy is the creator of the educational program SNAP: Survivors of Narcissistic & Abusive Personalities. This program teaches survivors and concerned loved ones about abusive personalities, targets of abuse, abusive relationships and life in recovery from abuse. SNAP educational program of recovery helps empathic survivors of abuse fine tune and connect with their empathic nature in order to preserve, harness and protect the very things abusers seek to destroy. In her private practice, Clermont Mental Health, Mandy specializes in treating survivors of Cluster B personalities. She is also familiar with the role of addiction and substance abuse in abusive relationships. Mandy’s clients are often in need of trauma-informed care as part of their recovery. This has led her to become an expert on the topic of Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD). To help her clients, Mandy utilizes mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT), cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychoeducation. Mandy is a survivor of abuse and has first-hand knowledge of what survivors endure in abusive circumstances and living a healthy life after abuse.